Jennifer Prah Ruger, PhD

Jennifer Prah Ruger, PhD
Senior Fellow

Amartya Sen Professor of Health Equity, Economics, and Policy; Associate Dean for Global Studies; Faculty Chair at the Center for High Impact Philanthropy (CHIP)

Public Health Interests

Global Health, Health Equity, Policy



Current Public-Health Related Activities

Dr. Ruger is a leading scholar of global and domestic health policy and public health. She conducts theoretical and empirical studies of health equity to reduce global and national health inequities with a focus on the most impoverished populations worldwide, especially women and children. Dr. Ruger draws on her training in political economy, health policy, international relations, comparative social research and law to cross disciplines and reexamine the principles and values that underlie health policy and public health and apply these principles empirically. She created the health capability paradigm, challenging existing approaches and illuminating optimal health policies and she has developed an empirical approach to evaluate public health programs and health policies as they measure up to that paradigm. Dr. Ruger’s scholarship has critically scrutinized the existing global health architecture in order to identify more effective global health policy responses linking public policy and law to global health theory at the global and national levels. Dr. Ruger studies critical health policy and public health problems such as the equity and efficiency of health system access, financing, resource allocation, policy reform and the social determinants of health. Her scholarship includes areas such as global health justice; global health governance; health and social justice; and shared health governance. Her research is conducted internationally and nationally, including work in Ghana, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Malaysia, Morocco, South Korea, South Africa, the United States and Vietnam.

Select Publications:

Ruger JP, Ruger TW, Annas GJ, “The Elusive Right to Health Care under U.S. Law,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2015; 372(26): 2558-63.

Annas GJ, Ruger TW, and Ruger JP. “Money, Sex, and Religion – The Supreme Court’s ACA Sequel,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2014; 371: 862-6.

Ruger JP. “The World Bank and Global Health: Time For a Renewed Focus on Health Policy,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014; 68(1): 1-2.

Ruger JP. “International Institutional Legitimacy and the World Health Organization,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014; 68(8): 697-700.