Featured Publication Archive
CPHI is committed to the translation and dissemination of research. Every quarter we select "Feature Publications" to highlight the important work of our Senior Fellows.
Motor vehicle crash risk among adolescents and young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
CPHI Fellows Allison E. Curry, Flaura K. Winston and collaborators have found that adolescents and young adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have a 36% higher risk of getting into a motor vehicle crash than those without ADHD; this correlation exists into early adulthood, regardless of licensure age. Additional results show that these individuals with ADHD are also licensed less often and at older ages; in fact, six months after eligibility, adolescents with ADHD had a 35% lower probability of obtaining a driver’s license compared to those without ADHD. In this retrospective study, the researchers examined the electronic health records and New Jersey state traffic safety databases for a cohort of 18,522 individuals within the CHOP healthcare network. Variables such as sex, comorbid conditions, prescription rates, and licensure age were taken into account and analyzed. Though there was not significant difference in the analysis of sex, the authors call for further examination on this association, as the symptomology of ADHD differs between males and females. Given the finding that crash risk is elevated for the adolescent ADHD driving population, this study calls for further research into the specific mechanisms behind this association so that effective interventions can be established. Read more.
Allison E. Curry, PhD, MPH is a Senior Scientist and Director of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). Additionally, Dr. Curry is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and faculty member at the University of Pennsylvania’s Master of Public Health Program. Dr. Curry’s research revolves around the epidemiology and prevention of motor vehicle crashes in children, and she is currently the Principal Investigator on studies relating to driving safety among attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder.
Flaura K. Winston, MD, PhD, is a board-certified pediatrician, engineer, and public health researcher. Currently, Dr. Winston is a professor of pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. She also serves as the Scientific Director of the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at CHOP, Director of a National Science Foundation Research Experience for undergraduate students at the University of Pennsylvania as well as Director of the NSF University Cooperative Research Center. Dr. Winston’s research focuses on motor vehicle crashes and the effects seen in child and adolescent populations.
Development of a Tailored HIV Prevention Intervention for Single Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Who Meet Partners Online: Protocol for the myDEx Project
Jose Arturo Bauermeister, MPH, PhDAreas of interest: Technology-Assisted Interventions, Community-engaged research, Innovations in Biomedical HIV Prevention
Summary: The pilot designed a randomized control trial in order to test the logistics and efficacy of a web-based intervention which was tailored for single Young Men having Sex with Men (YMSM). The inclusion criteria required that the participants had recently had unprotected anal intercourse and self-reported a negative or unknown HIV status. The study was designed for cis-gendered single men, who were seeking to have sex with men through online dating. The control group received HIV and STI information that could be found on the internet. The treatment group received a six-time series of online interventions which were customized to match the participants’ behaviors related to finding a partner, demographic information, specific desires regarding a relationship, and prior attitudes about relationships. The intervention content harmonized safer sex and HIV prevention messages with the participants’ expectations for new partners.
The study was first launched in November 2016 and is still ongoing. Since then, 180 participants have been recruited, consented, and randomized, with 120 in the intervention group of the random controlled trial. The purpose of this study is to reduce risk in certain populations and more specifically YMSM between the ages of 18-24. Even with all of the advances made in the preventative care of HIV, new cases of HIV are still prevalent in this particular cohort. This study aims to better inform this population and reduce risk for YMSM through better adoption of HIV prevention strategies.